Chilli is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Chillie is considered as one of the major commercial crops of the world. Both green and dried chillies are the important components of our routine diet. Red chilies contain high amounts of vitamin C and carotene (pro-vitamin A). India is a major producer, exporter and consumer of chilli. The area and production of chilli in the country is 6.81 lakh ha and 10.09 lakh tonne.
Chilli thrives well on light loamy or sandy loam soils rich in lime and organic matters and requires a temperature range of 20-25 degrees. A warm humid climate favours growth while warm and dry weather enhances fruit maturity. Duration of crop is 3 to 4 months.
Two crops are produced in the year in each dry and wet season in the country. The seed or the seedlings are planted in April and are harvested in August in dry season. In wet season the crop is planted as and when the rainfall occurs starting from august and harvesting takes place in December and chillies start reaching the major markets in February and March.